Health

Tip 1: What is the need for menstruation

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Why do you need monthly and why do they go if they cause unpleasant painful sensations, yes, and from the point of view of hygiene, such manifestations of the body are not always comfortable and cause some discomfort. Similar conditions occurring in every healthy female body upon reaching a certain age bring very tangible limitations to a full existence. And are monthly periods really necessary, and why do they arise — without knowing the answers to such questions, it is impossible to properly assess the capabilities of the female body.

Biological features

Why do we need such processes occurring in the body of women every month and bringing inconvenience and even causing pain? The appearance of the first menstruation is considered a sign of growing up of the body, which will soon be ready for childbirth. From this moment on, the girl begins to feel like a woman and to perceive the environment in a new way. Growing up occurs not only in the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics, in the roundness of the figure and other female charms.

Huge changes are taking place inside the female body, since they all occur under the influence of hormonal changes. Tips for girls - from the first days to take care of their reproductive abilities, because at first there is not enough strength in the body to withstand various destructive processes.

Purpose of menstruation

Need monthly or not? Considering the female body, from the point of view of physiology, all the processes of one menstrual cycle are arranged as follows. The uterus is lined on the inside with a mucous layer designed to consolidate and further develop a fertilized egg. While the development of the egg occurs, the endometrium increases in thickness and becomes fully ready for pregnancy by the time of ovulation. When conception does not occur, all preparations are in vain and the body gets rid of materials that have become unnecessary. The process of cleansing just happens with menstruation. Why do you need monthly? This question is often asked by young girls, as mature women have long guessed about all the benefits of this event.

Menstruation plays a large role in the processes occurring in the reproductive system, it is able to cleanse the body of the old and unnecessary and give rise to a new reproduction process. Hormonal changes occurring in the body during the entire month, on certain days, can cause disturbances of the psycho-emotional background. Unreasonable irritability or apathy and drowsiness may occur. It may disturb during menstruation and some pain. But all these inconveniences - nothing compared to what updates occur in the genitals every month throughout life.

What is considered the norm

The appearance of the first menstruation, as a rule, occurs at the age of 13, but for some it may happen earlier, and for the first time someone will face monthly periods somewhat later. Everything is very individual and depends on the characteristics of the development of the organism. Although the cycle is called monthly, the beginning of the next menstruation, as a rule, will occur no sooner than in 2-3 months. On this occasion, do not worry, because in any case, the cycle during this time can be established and the monthly will occur in accordance with the norm, an average of 28 days. Of course, minor deviations in one direction or another are possible, but this is also considered normal.

The main thing that should really pay attention to - to menstruation were cyclical with equal intervals between them. Their duration in different women may also differ slightly, but not to go out of the norm, which is considered the interval between 2 and 7 days.

If you need monthly - then why? Trying to cope with them in any way, it is not necessary to stop using medicines, as this is a natural physiological process donated to a woman by nature. With the help of menstruation, she got the opportunity to be updated monthly and how to begin her development anew. It is not for nothing that women are considered to live longer than men, maybe in this part of the merit of menstruation!

What is menstruation

Menstruation is the release of blood and endometrial particles from the uterus. Each adult woman has an individual blood volume during menstruation. Some have two or four tablespoons for the entire period of menstruation. Others have much more. This factor depends on heredity, the presence of certain diseases, as well as ways to protect against unwanted pregnancy. Usually extremely abundant periods are those who have endometriosis, have polyps in the uterus, and also use a spiral.
The beginning of the menstrual cycle does not mean that the girl can become pregnant. This is only the preparation of the body for childbirth. The bones of the pelvis should be reconstructed, the breast should grow, the hormonal changes should be exchanged.

The duration of menstruation is from three to seven days. Most often the first day of bleeding is quite abundant, and then gradually subsides. Twelve to fourteen days after the first day of menstruation, ovulation occurs (the process of separating an egg, during which it can be fertilized). If this does not happen, then in ten or twelve days the next menstruation will occur.

Monthly adult women are regular. The cycle duration is individual, the rate is considered the frequency of menstruation every twenty to thirty-five days. Various diseases, hormonal failure, stress can affect the frequency of the cycle. The first menstrual period in girls occurs at eleven or fifteen years. Small deviations from this age - the norm. They may be genetically determined. In addition, thin girls period usually begin later. In order for hormones to start working, the body must reach a certain weight.
Gynecologists are still arguing whether tampons are harmful to the female body or not. But for women with heavy bleeding, their use is often the only way to avoid leakages during menstruation.

Why do you need menstruation

Every month a healthy adult woman bleeds from the vagina. With it, the uterus is cleared from the old porous endometrium, which was not delivered fertilized egg. After menstruation, a new layer grows, ready to accept the future germ. And this happens during the entire childbearing period.

If the endometrium had not been updated monthly, very soon the woman would have lost the opportunity to have a baby. Since this porous layer would have spread throughout the uterus, not allowing the egg to exit the falopian tubes.

Signs indicating elevated levels of estrogen in the body

Excess estrogen in the body contributes to the following side effects: headache, dizziness, irritability, swelling and bloating, insomnia, pain in the mammary glands, nausea and vomiting, high blood pressure, cold extremities, irregular menstruation, weight gain, acne, rash , fatigue, hair loss, the development of blood clots and the formation of tumors of the breast, uterus, endometrium. If you notice such symptoms, you must immediately visit a doctor to resolve the hormonal imbalance.

Menstrual cycle

Typically, the menstrual cycle is from 25 to 35 days, it is considered from the first day of the onset of menstruation to the first day of the next menstruation. Can go from three to six days.

The appearance of the first menstruation should be expected at the age of 11-14 years. Formally, the appearance of the first menstruation is a signal of the body that it is physiologically ready for the process of conception, gestation, childbirth.

However, girls should not forget that there is still a social and psychological aspect of this issue, and physiological readiness does not mean physical and psycho-emotional readiness for motherhood.

The menstrual cycle is represented by separate periods - phases that differ from each other not only hormonally, but also functionally, successively replacing each other. Cycle phases:

  • Follicular phase. This is a period that lasts from the first day of the month until the ovulation process. It is approximately the first half of the cycle, from the first to 11–16 days of the cycle. Characterized by a gradual increase in estrogen levels. Under its influence the process of maturation of the egg in the ovarian follicle occurs.
  • Ovulation phase. It is believed that the ovulation process occurs approximately in the middle of the menstrual cycle. When the process of maturation of the egg in the ovaries reaches its peak, the follicle breaks, the egg leaves it. It is ready for fertilization, moving through the fallopian tubes into the cavity of the uterus, to the place of its potential potential attachment in the endometrium of the uterus under the condition of the onset of fertilization.
  • Luteal, or yellow body phase. This is the second half of the cycle, following the rupture of the ovarian follicle and the release of the egg. Hormonal support of this period is carried out by progesterone, the level of estrogen decreases. In the ovary in place of the follicle a yellow body forms. This is a temporary hormonal organ aimed at maintaining pregnancy, if fertilization occurs. In the case of fertilization, after about 7 days, the dividing egg is implanted (attached) to the endometrium of the uterus. From this moment until the formation of the placenta, pregnancy is hormonally supported by the production of human chorionic gonadotropin. However, if fertilization did not occur or there was a mistake and the attachment of the ovum to the uterine mucosa did not happen, the level of hormones (estrogen and progesterone) by the end of the menstrual cycle is sharply reduced. The functional epithelium of the uterus due to the lack of "hormonal support" is rejected, which manifests itself in menstrual bleeding.

Menstruation value

The essence of the answer to the question of why menstruation is needed can be summarized as follows: menstruation is the possibility of a monthly renewal of the uterine epithelium, which undergoes irreversible changes and is rejected as unnecessary, but is rebuilt again so that the woman fulfills her main purpose - became a mother. Do not forget that pregnancy is the only thing for which the reproduction system has been created and is functioning. In fact, menstruation is a monthly reminder of the purpose of the female body.

  • Updates. Another answer to the question of why we need monthly - the implementation of the update function. The inner layer of the uterus is represented by epithelial cells. They are initially designed in such a way that the process of desquamation and renewal of the endometrium takes place. This is how the epithelial cover on the skin, intestinal mucosa, bronchi is renewed. Rejection of the inner uterus and is nothing more than monthly.
  • Biological protective. It is believed that the functional layer of the uterus is able to somehow recognize defects and errors in the fertilized egg (serious DNA defects, chromosomal abnormalities), preventing its implantation, thereby protecting the body from the occurrence of "improper" pregnancy. Such an ovum dies along with the uterine epithelium and is eliminated from the body along with the onset of the next menstruation.

Evolutionary theory

There is a version that the menstrual cycle is an erroneous mutation of the estrous cycle, characteristic of most mammals. It is difficult to dispute this opinion, but it is much more pleasant to realize that the presence of the menstrual cycle, unlike the estrous one, has several advantages: the possibility of copulation is not on regulated days, but more often, obtaining emotional and physical pleasure during sexual intercourse, the possibility of planning your offspring.

One can argue for a long time why menstruals are needed from the point of view of various theories. In the modern world, menstruations perform an important social significance: a woman cannot feel full-fledged unless she has periods. At the same time, her status in society, financial position and other factors do not matter.

Four common myths about monthly

Why do you need monthly? This question was asked by people from ancient times: agree, is there something frightening in it, when so much blood comes out of your body?

To study the phenomenon of menstruation from a scientific and physiological point of view was only recently possible. But, despite research in this area, women continue to believe in outdated monthly myths.

  1. You can not wash your hair and swim in the bathroom. This is a superstition that has come to us from where. If the water in the bathroom is not too hot, then nothing terrible will happen.
  2. During menstruation do not get pregnant. Purely theoretically, it is really difficult to get pregnant during this period, but the body is unpredictable, so there were exceptions to the rule.
  3. You can not exercise. This myth appeared as an excuse for one’s own laziness. Moderate exercise during menstruation, on the contrary, reduces their pain.
  4. Menstruation lasts exactly a week. Each organism is individual, therefore the duration of menstruation and their abundance depends on the structural features of the genital organs of a single woman.

Attitude to monthly in society

Why do we need monthly, adults, it seems, should be clear, but nevertheless there are many prejudices in society about this.

Let's start with the fact that earlier during menstrual bleeding, women were forbidden to attend the temple. It was believed that on such days a woman was “dirty” and only insulted God with her presence. Praise the Lord, the dark times have passed, and in our day there are no such prohibitions.

And in general, a couple of centuries ago, on critical days, a woman was not a temple, a hairdresser could not be visited! As soon as menstruation began, so many “impossible” fell on the head of the fair sex that you couldn’t list it all. Probably the most "successful" ban was associated with the superstition of the ancestors, according to which a woman should not work in the field during menstruation - the harvest would not grow. Well! This prohibition even benefited the girls - an additional day off on the calendar.

Why do we need monthly in reality?

Anyway, and monthly - one of the main evidence that a woman is able to bear and give birth to a child. This is the main answer to the question: "Why are monthly and why are they going?"

Menstruation begins somewhere from 11-13 years and lasts until menopause. And throughout this period, women repeat the same cycle, consisting of several stages.

Beginning of the menstrual cycle is considered the first day of menstruation - scant spotting. For six to seven days the “old” mucous membrane that covered the uterus comes out with blood.

Immediately after menstruation, the second stage begins, when the endometrium of the uterus is completely renewed and is being prepared for fertilization. Approximately on the 14th day of the cycle, the endometrium is loosened, and the most favorable time comes for the fertilization of the egg.

If the pregnancy did not come on the 22nd day of the cycle, then on about the 28th day the cycle closes: the old endometrium leaves the woman's body filled with blood.

Thus, the monthly are the "guarantor" of the fact that the endometrium of the woman is updated, and it is able to reproduce offspring.

Monthly and Sexual Life

Why do girls need menstruation, we figured out. However, those representatives of the fair sex who are sexually active have a different question: “Is it possible to make love during this period?”

There is no categorical ban on this. But gynecologists in any case recommend protected sex. Because the probability of becoming pregnant still remains. And the genitals in these days are too vulnerable for various infections. And it's not even that the partner is "contagious." Just any negligence can lead to infection in the open channel of the uterus.

Moreover, a little risk and a man. There are cases when bloody clots enter the partner's urethra and cause urethritis.

If, nevertheless, sexual contact cannot be avoided, then gynecologists advise to use condoms, to enter into an intimate relationship in a benign manner, and if a woman has painful sensations, immediately stop the contact.

Intentional suppression of menstruation

Why do women need menstruation? The answer is simple: to be able to bear offspring. Lack of menstruation or an irregular cycle are “alarm bells” that cannot be ignored. But often women themselves want to suspend the "red days" or move their beginning to a later date.

This desire may be associated with some important event that should not be missed: graduation party, ceremonial reception, sports competitions, a planned tourist trip. If the monthly is about to begin and violate the plans of the girl, then she can “delay” them with the help of special pills. Также с помощью всё тех же таблеток можно как прекратить выделения полностью, так и сделать их менее обильными.

Но необходимо знать, что подобные эксперименты сопряжены с рисками. Особенно если они повторяются довольно часто.

No monthly

Why do you need monthly? How to crush them? Sometimes menstruation and no need to suspend - they disappear themselves. The first reason is positive: the woman is pregnant! The second is less joyful: there are problems, and you need to consult a doctor.

If the monthly disappear not because of pregnancy, then why is this happening? In the female body everything is interconnected, so menstruation may be absent due to severe stress, lack of sleep, excessive physical exertion, uncontrolled intake of potent drugs.

The legend of the appearance of menstruation

There is a legend that tells why girls go monthly. According to the religious tribute, women had no discharge except postpartum periods. But the changes occurred as soon as the Virgin Mary gave birth to Christ.

She asked her maid to take her shirt with bloody stains to the river water. In this case, the girl was forbidden to unfold the robe and look at him, but she disobeyed. The Virgin Mary became angry and ordered that all women, except pregnant women and after giving birth, undergo a monthly cleansing procedure using menstrual blood, which was called the “shirt”.

What is the situation?

Menstruation - the monthly rejection and removal of the endometrial layer from the uterus. The first discharge appears at the age of 11–15 years. Then a few years the cycle is established, adapting to the individual characteristics of the woman. Only after this period comes a moment when the body is fully ready for pregnancy.

Menstruation begins every twenty five to thirty five days and lasts for 3–7 days.

The menstrual cycle is an essential element of the proper functioning of the reproductive system of girls. He is responsible for the production of hormones necessary for the growth and development of the egg, the onset of ovulation, the formation of the corpus luteum, which is responsible for producing progesterone and estradiol - the hormones necessary for stimulating the uterus and preparing it for pregnancy.

For more information on how women go for periods, read our separate article on the site.

If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum is reduced in size and forms into scar tissue. After that, begin monthly, the uterus is cleared, that is, its functional layer is rejected. This process is accompanied by damage to the small blood vessels that feed the organ, resulting in bleeding from the vagina. Along with the secretions come pieces of the endometrium. First, menstruation goes abundantly, and then gradually subsides. Every month the cycle repeats.

Why can not do without menstruation

There are several reasons why menstruation is needed.

Menstruation is necessary for regular renewal of the uterine epithelium, which is rejected during each cycle and then formed anew. This process allows the uterus of the woman to be cleaned monthly, allowing the egg to re-enter the next cycle.

In addition, on critical days, you can judge the state of the body in certain cases:

  • if the next menstruation comes after the conception of a child, it will indicate to the woman the likelihood of miscarriage or the presence of other pathologies,
  • based on the date of the last menstrual period, you can calculate the ovulation period, build a calendar of "safe" sex life, using it as a way of protection from unwanted conception,
  • during the planning of pregnancy on the appearance of menstruation, it can be understood that fertilization did not occur. This simplifies the diagnostic process.

Another answer to the question of why menstruation is needed in a woman’s life is to provide a protective function. This version is sci-fi and does not have full evidence. It is believed that the uterine functional layer has the ability to diagnose the presence of various defects in the fertilized egg (these include serious DNA disorders or chromosomal failures). Further, the possibility of implantation of such a cell is blocked, which protects the body from a defect during pregnancy. Fetal egg dies and is rejected with the epithelium. That is, menstruation supposedly helps a woman to give birth only to a healthy child.

What is monthly?

The average menstruation cycle for a woman is 28 days. During this time, the endometrium matures and, in the absence of pregnancy, is removed from the uterus. This process is called endometrial disassembly. As long as a woman has menstruation, she can give birth, in terms of biology.

In our society, when a girl begins puberty at 11-14 years old, no one thinks about childbirth. Nature simply says that maturation is within the normal range, that the child-bearing age has arrived, which means that an internal reorganization of the female body is taking place. Menstruation is evidence of this: the walls of the uterus are sealed every month, filled with blood to take the cell of the expectant mother and father's sperm cell. The uterus must be fully prepared so that the pregnancy cannot be interrupted due to lack of blood inside the genital organ. In the standby mode, the matured cell is located for about two days (this happens on the 12-14 day after the next menstrual period). But if the pregnancy does not occur, the endometrium is forced to go outside, after two weeks it exfoliates and instantly comes out in the form of bleeding and clots. The walls of the uterus are completely cleared of the old mucous membrane, they are abundantly washed with blood, and after the end of the cycle, the whole process of maturation of the germ cell begins anew.

Irregular menstrual cycle

Depending on the region of residence, on gene factors and environmental conditions, the first menstruation in a woman can vary from 11 years to 18 years. Often, due to dysfunction of the appendages or changes in the work of the urogenital system, menstruation is irregular, for example, there are delays of 1-2 months.

Why we need monthly, we found out, and now we need to talk about the symptoms of their course, which is strictly individual for the fair sex. The average duration of menstruation is from 3 to 7 days. In the first two days of blood loss will be more noticeable, since the cells of the uterus come out at once. But if you were worried about the duration and abundance of discharge, you should consult a gynecologist.

Violations in the cycle can be observed with hereditary factors. Frequent stresses affect the state of the female body as a whole, the menstrual periods are interrupted on the nervous system: there was no ovulation and the uterus is not cleaned from the inside, i.e. all childbearing functions cease. If a woman takes a course of birth control pills (including hormonal pills), if there is a spiral inside, if she often uses tampons instead of regular sanitary pads, this can affect the duration of her period.

What are bursts?

Splash - is the release of the endometrium, which is released to the outside in the form of a portion of blood. This happens if a girl or woman stays in one place for a long time, for example, sits in a chair, then rises abruptly and feels how quickly the gasket gets wet. A surge occurs during excessive physical exertion during menstruation, after a night of sleep, when the body is at rest for a long time. Of course, the release of blood causes a lot of trouble, but this process is naturally caused and cannot be avoided.

In order not to torment your body during menstruation, you need to correctly plan the time during the period of critical days. They are not in vain so named, because, despite the cleansing and rejuvenation of the body, a woman with the arrival of menstruation experiences a lot of inconvenience, which include internal discomfort, pulling pain in the lower abdomen, nausea and dizziness, as well as general weakness. These signs in a healthy woman are observed only in the first two days, but they need and can be survived, because if there was no purification, the woman looked like a man, and therefore could not fulfill her main purpose - to bear and bear children.

Definition

What is the monthly in women, are interested in girls. Regardless of age, it will be useful for every woman to know what monthly periods are and what role they play in the female body. Menstruation is one of the manifestations of cyclic processes occurring in the body of a woman of reproductive age.

This process is accompanied by the release of bloody contents from the genital tract. As a rule, the vaginal discharge during menstruation contains mucous particles of endometrial tissue.

Stable menstruation indicates a good condition of the female reproductive system, and their absence indicates the formation of dyshormonal disorders. By the time the next menstruation occurs, the female body is completely ready for fertilization and implantation of the egg.

If this process has not occurred, and the pregnancy has not begun, the process of rejection of the endometrial functional layer, which ceases to be necessary for the introduction of a fertilized egg, starts in the woman’s body.

The bleeding that occurs during menstruation is the result of damage to the blood vessels in the area of ​​the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium).

The average age of onset of the first menstruation is 12-15 years. As a rule, this process is closely related to the hereditary factor (age of menarche in the mother of the girl). If the first menstruation occurred in a girl sooner or later than that of her mother, then this process does not go beyond the physiological norm.

Some medical specialists, relying on clinical observations and their experience, are inclined to believe that the age of menarche depends on the girl's weight. If its weight is less than 47 kg, then the first menstruation may be delayed for some time.

The reason for seeking medical advice is the onset of menstruation before 9 and after 16 years. Early or late onset of menstruation does not always indicate the development of any pathology. This situation is most likely due to the individual characteristics of the girl's body.

If we talk about the onset of menarche, then in a few months the girl may notice copious secretion of a transparent or white secret from the genital tract, as well as aching pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.

On the onset of the first menstruation they say bloody or slight spotting from the genital tract, having a brown color. Often the first menstruation is not accompanied by the release of scarlet blood containing particles of the endometrium.

It is very important to know what periods should be normal. The menstrual cycle is a time period that lasts from the first day of the onset of menstruation to the first day of the next menstruation. For each girl and woman, the duration of the menstrual cycle is individual. The total duration of one cycle is from 21 to 35 days.

If the duration of this process is significantly reduced or increased, then we are talking about the development of hormonal disorders, which need timely diagnosis and treatment. You can talk about a regular menstrual cycle if the menstruation occurs after a certain number of days and has the same duration.

The regularity of the onset of menstruation can be judged on the correctness of the ovaries. The average duration of the formation of this biological process is 1 year. After this time, as a rule, the girl has regular periods, which last from 3 to 7 days.

In order to determine the regularity of the menstrual cycle, every girl and woman need to have a special calendar, on which the first day of the onset of their monthly period should be marked each month. If the calendar information indicates the same period of the onset of menstrual bleeding, then the cycle can be considered regular.

Faced with menstrual bleeding for the first time, many girls begin to think about the allowable amount of blood loss. The illusion of heavy menstruation can be created by the addition of particles of endometrial tissue, which is identical in color to the blood.

The average menstrual volume of a three-day or five-day period is 80 ml. To assess the level of menstrual blood loss, it is recommended to monitor the cleanliness of changing sanitary pads. As a rule, one sanitary pad, designed for 4-5 drops, absorbs about 25 ml of blood.

In the expanses of the global network, you can find monthly photos, where the approximate amount of discharge is clearly visible. If a girl or woman has to change hygiene products every 2 hours, then she is recommended to consult a gynecologist for advice, as this situation indicates excessive bleeding.

A few days before the onset of menstruation, a woman may experience a cramping or aching pain in the lower abdomen, which radiates to the lower back. Such a phenomenon can be considered normal if pain has a weak degree of intensity.

In order to have an idea about the causes of menstrual pain, it is important to understand what is menstruation, and what processes it is accompanied. In the mechanism of development of menstrual pain is the process of accelerated synthesis of prostaglandins, responsible for the formation of pain. The intensity of pain during menstruation depends not only on the number of synthesized prostaglandins, but also on the individual threshold of pain sensitivity of the woman.

The reason for going to a medical specialist is what symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen, radiating to the perineum and rectum,
  • Stool disorders and painful urination during menstruation,
  • Premenstrual pain, accompanied by nausea, malaise, chills, headache.

Intense pain in the lower abdomen, radiating to the anus and perineum, may indicate the development of endometriosis. If late diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis leads to the development of benign and malignant tumors, as well as infertility.

The choice of personal care products for menstruation depends on the degree of physical activity, the lifestyle of the girl, as well as other factors. Hygienic tampons are not the preferred option during menstruation, as they contribute to the accumulation of bloody contents in the vagina, which can lead to the multiplication of pathogens with the subsequent development of an infectious-inflammatory process.

These hygiene products can only be used when you need to visit the swimming pool, as well as in cases where a sanitary pad will cause discomfort.

The preferred hygienic means are disposable pads, which can be selected according to the individual characteristics of the flow of menstruation. Regular change of these products prevents the reproduction of pathogenic microflora, and makes the natural process as safe and comfortable as possible.

Recommendations

Specialists in the field of gynecology recommend that women and girls be familiarized with the list of restrictions that must be observed during the onset of menstruation. These restrictions include:

  • Active sports, including athletics, fitness, aerobics and gymnastics,
  • Sauna, sauna,
  • Hot bath
  • Drinking alcohol in any quantity
  • Receiving drugs that affect the rheological properties of blood.

If you follow these simple recommendations, the natural processes in the female body will proceed without features and complications.

Anatomical and physiological features

Why monthly woman? Nature has created the perfect half for the birth of a new man. This process is long, laborious, it can be restless somewhere, but it is always a necessary and happy period.

Delve a bit into anatomy to find out why girls are menstruating. When a girl reaches puberty, her genitals begin to experience monthly cyclical changes under the influence of hormones secreted by the hypothalamus, pituitary, and gonads.

And the laying of the number of eggs occurs in the period of the girl's womb life. These eggs are initially surrounded by follicles. At birth, an infant has about several million eggs. By the adolescent period, their number drops to several hundred thousand.

With each subsequent year, their number continues to decrease and by the age of 35 it reaches the level of 65-70 thousand.

This is due to the monthly release of a new egg and, if it is not fertilized, it dies and leaves the body. And the next month, the whole process is repeated again, but only with a new egg.

What is monthly

Menstruation is the release of blood from the vagina and it is an important physiological process. The first periods are called menarche and come in adolescence (11-16 years). Initially, they are unstable, but the incident of 2 years, the menstrual cycle is restored. With the advent of menstruation, the girl may already become pregnant.

Кто-то воскликнет: зачем так рано? Но это не значит, что уже пора, стоит дождаться психологической готовности.

Обычно период между одним и вторым циклом составляет от 21-35 дней. Продолжительность месячного цикла считается от первого дня менструаций и до первого дня следующих менструальных выделений. Продолжительность кровянистых выделений колеблется от 3 до 7 дней.

The average age of arrival of menopause falls to 45-55 years. It was at this time that the woman's childbearing function decays.

Menstrual process

So why do you need monthly? On the one hand, there is a statement that in this way the body sheds accumulated negative energy and renews itself. Through this process, the girl's body is healed.

But in fact, everything is much more complicated.

The monthly cycle is divided into 4 phases. Each phase corresponds to a specific change in the body, and in each title there is an answer to the question: “Why was the period named so?”:

  • Menstrual phase. This period is characterized by bloody discharge. It starts from the first day of menstruation, in this phase the functional layer of the uterine mucosa is rejected, and the menstrual fluid washes it out of the body. In this period, a new bookmark on the birth of the next egg is already beginning.
  • Follicular period. Characterized by estrogen release. It is responsible for the formation of a new layer of the endometrium, and also affects the cervical mucus, which in turn becomes immune to spermatozoa.
    In addition, another hormone, FSH (follicle-stimulating), also acts in the follicular phase. What is it for? FSH is responsible for the production of follicles, one of which becomes dominant in the future and will contain an egg cell.
    The approximate duration of this phase is two weeks.
  • Ovulatory phase. The shortest phase is about 3 days. The main hormone is LH (luteinizing). Its influence is directed to the cervical mucus, it becomes "benevolent" to the male sperm. As well as LH completes the process of maturation of the egg and its release occurs - ovulation. Then the egg, ready for fertilization, moves along the fallopian tubes, where it will stay for about 2 days awaiting a tailed friend.
  • Luteal period. The duration of the phase is about 16 days. Progesterone, which is responsible for preparing the endometrium for implantation of the ovum, takes effect. If fertilization has occurred - on the 6th-12th day implantation occurs and the hormone hCG, the pregnancy hormone, begins to lead.

If there is no fertilization, the egg cell dies, progesterone ceases to be produced and the functional layer of the mucous membrane is rejected, leaving with the blood. The cycle is launched in a new way every month.

A little bit about lost blood

During menstruation, the amount of blood lost is insignificant and the body quickly recovers lost resources. On average, a girl loses 20 to 50 grams of blood per day.

In total, for the entire period of critical days, the number of blood loss increases to 250 grams.

But everything is purely individual. Do not forget that menstruation can be scanty or abundant.

The bleeding is dark red, it has a peculiar odor and, to a large extent, it does not curl.

Quite often, along with the menstrual blood clots are allocated, do not need to sound the alarm. These are pieces of detached endometrium. This usually happens in the first two days of menstruation, when the peak of abundance of discharge. In addition, the blood can be “unprocessed”, which accumulates inside the vagina and manages to coagulate there.

Either this is the effect of the intrauterine contraceptive - helix, if any. In this case, it is believed that these are pieces of the ovum that have not found attachment points in the uterus, and are washed away with menstrual fluid.

There are situations when, before the beginning of menstruation or at the end of them, there are obscene discharges, the so-called “scurvy” or “smear”. All this is within the normal range, but it should not exceed more than two days.

If the daub continues for a long time - this may indicate problems of the reproductive system, for example, a polyp or cyst. In such situations, a direct road to a specialist for help.

What else you need to know about menstruation

There are some situations that can cause a girl’s excitement, but they do not carry any danger. Consider them:

  • Frequently, menstruation is painful. But pain must remain within tolerance. Perhaps the pain will be accompanied by additional symptoms: a pulling sensation of the lower abdomen, slight weakness and a decrease in performance. All this is within the normal range.
  • Once or several times a year there may be fluctuations in the duration of menstruation, as well as failures occur. One-off cases are not pathologies, and many factors can influence this: climate change, stress, fatigue, active exercise and the like.

Myths and Reality

Why we need monthly has become more or less clear, but this does not eliminate the constant discussion of this topic. Therefore, there are many myths, legends, prejudices, not confirmed by the facts.

Although some myths about the monthly there is a justified explanation. In the modern world, much has changed and during menstrual discharge, a woman is no longer considered “dirty” and does not become an outcast in society.

  • In ancient centuries, women on critical days were forbidden to leave the cave, because the smell of blood could provoke an animal to attack the tribe.
  • In dark times, girls should not go to the temple these days. People considered a woman “dirty” during this period and, having entered a holy place, she insults her with her appearance of God. But the dark ages are long gone and, thank God, the prejudices that no one believes anymore.
    In fact, the sign that it is impossible to go to church during menstruation is simply explained: at that time there were no pads and tampons and menstrual blood could just stain the floor in the temple. Therefore, during menstruation, a woman could not go to church.
  • A few centuries ago, women could not go to the field to work during menstruation, and then there will be no harvest. Well, at least in something the woman was “lucky” - they were always glad to have additional weekends.

And modern youth continues to “indulge” in some outdated myths:

  • During menstruation you can not get pregnant, so why protect yourself? But there are exceptions, the body keeps many surprises, and pregnancy can be a surprise. Caution!
  • Taking a bath and my head, the girl provokes a heavy bleeding. This is a vile lie! All this can be done, despite the monthly. More than usual, there will be no blood, and the existing one will absorb the tampon. Thanks to him! Only you can not lie in a hot bath for too long. For the soul there is no limit.
  • In the days of menstruation, you must give up physical activity. Nonsense, movement provides the body with oxygen and it helps to cope with discomfort on critical days. Easy run during menstruation will benefit. The main thing - everything within reason.
  • And much more.

We summarize the final line. Why do you need monthly?

If we completely simplify the answer to the question, it turns out, menstruation is a reminder to a woman about her mission to bring a new person into the world. After all, in fact, it is such a complicated menstrual process, so that there is an opportunity to be born to an egg cell, then fertilize and attach to the uterus and develop there before the birth of the child.

So rejoice the girl that you had the honor to carry this gift of nature.

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