Why are there brown and dark secretions before menstruation?


Brown, before menstruation ointments are secretions secreted with blood and normally observed in women of reproductive age for a couple of days before menstruation. But if such they occur before menstruation for more than 2 days, the secret itself has a bright pink or scarlet, dark brown color - this may indicate pathological processes occurring in the female body.

When not to sound the alarm?

First of all, it is necessary to disassemble the very root cause of the pathological process and to start from it and take action. Most brown ointments before the onset of menstruation are the norm, the process itself lasts no more than 2 days. But when they started a week or more before menstruation - this indicates pathology.

For non-pathological reasons, doctors include:

  1. Transferred stress and exercise.
  2. Alcohol abuse, depletion of the body due to adherence to strict diets.
  3. Change the woman of the region and the climate of residence.
  4. Installing the intrauterine device and taking oral contraceptives.

As the doctors themselves point out, the majority of such brown daubing before menstruation is troubling when taking oral contraceptives, abbreviated as ok. But doctors call this phenomenon the norm only if they are taken not so long ago, not more than 203 weeks - if brown daub bothers longer, then you should consult a doctor. Most likely, the contraceptive itself is not suitable for a woman and it should be canceled and replaced with another one. Otherwise, it can cause many pathologies and diseases, including cancer.

In addition, the establishment of a spiral is also the reason for the appearance of ointments on the linen before menstruation. They can go for 1-2 weeks before menstruation - this is due to the fact that the surface of the cervical canal is damaged and it will bleed. After the restoration of the mucous membrane - such discharge stops, if not stop - most likely, the spiral is installed incorrectly.

Emotional stress and climate change are also important reasons, provoking such brownish discharge before menstruation. They can provoke the appearance not only of brown daub, but also the onset of premature menstruation. In some women, such brown discharge is a signal of the onset of pregnancy, when discharge is provoked by the attachment of the ovum to the walls of the uterus. But if the fertilized egg is attached to the cavity of the fallopian tube, the body temperature rises, and the pain in the lower abdomen shows itself. An ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed - in this case it is worthwhile to have an abortion, otherwise there may be a rupture of the tubes and death.

Pathological causes

When a woman notices brown underwear, this may indicate a course in the organisation of the pathological process, therefore you should not leave such a signal of the body unattended. Doctors for pathological reasons that provoke the appearance of brown secretions on linen include the following.


Quite a serious pathology, which often provokes the appearance of secretions brownish before menstruation. Such secretions can be in nature as abundant and scarce, thick and not very, accompanied by an unpleasant smell. The pain itself will increase several days before menstruation and more pronounced in the period of its course, during physical and psychological stress. When these symptoms appear, an immediate examination on the gynecological chair and MRI, diagnosis on CT and biomaterial sampling by biopsy for laboratory tests are shown. The course of treatment is the intake of synthetic hormones, when the doctor himself selects the drug and the regimen.


Negative symptoms manifest themselves in the form of brown discharge 4-5 days before menstruation and they are accompanied by bouts of pain, localized in the lower part of the peritoneum. This suggests endometritis rupture and inflammation. If untreated, a woman can be diagnosed with delayed menstruation, which is replaced by painful bleeding, provoke a pathological failure of the fetus and the breakdown of pregnancy. With timely and proper treatment - pathological processes will not come, and a woman can become pregnant and give birth.

Endometrial hyperplasia.

When women for 2–3 days before menstruation, violent brownish ointments are diagnosed - this indicates the course of pathological processes that provoke endometrial hyperplasia in their consequences. Under this term, doctors mean excessive growth and thickening of the endometrial layer - a similar pathological condition develops due to a lack of a hormone in the body, progesterone, produced in the ovaries.

The reason for this failure in the ovaries is most often the hormonal imbalance - to overcome the pathological process and restore hormone levels can only competently selected hormonal therapy. Pathology causes frequent miscarriages and the development of cancer - therefore, when the first negative symptoms appear, it is worth visiting a doctor and undergoing an examination. But due to the fact that many pathologies proceed the same way - only a thorough examination and diagnosis will help to make the correct diagnosis.

The pathological disease that develops in the body, provoked by the infection, will also show itself as a brown daub. In addition, the infectious disease itself will be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  1. Itching and burning in the genital area.
  2. The discharge has an unpleasant and rather peculiar odor.
  3. Vaginal discharge will be quite turbulent and bear a brown or brownish tint.
  4. When you visit the toilet and urination - show themselves negatively cutting.

Most often, these indicators are characteristic of the course of an infectious disease triggered by chlamydia and trichomonads, gonococci. The treatment involves a course of antibiotic therapy, but the woman is preliminarily examined and smear taken for bacterial culture. To enhance the effect - prescribed immunostimulating drugs.

Uterine fibroids.

Uterine fibroids also provoke brownish ointments before the onset of menstruation, most often 3-4 days before the menstruation. The cause of fibroids is a tumor and hormonal imbalance, when there is an excessive production of estrogen in the body. At the reproductive age, the lack of treatment provokes the development of cervical cancer, but the diagnosis of pathology before menopause - the level of hormones normalizes independently.

These benign neoplasms can develop both in the cavity of the uterus itself and the cervical canal. They can provoke the appearance of brownish ointments both before the beginning of menstruation and at the end.

When does the hemorrhage appear?

The appearance of dark brown discharge occurs in adolescents, mature women before menstruation, after menopause. The main pathological causes of changes in discharge:

  • Infections (chlamydia, trichomoniasis).
  • Neoplasms (polyp, myoma, cancer).
  • Precancerous pathology (erosion, endometrial hyperplasia).
  • Ectopic pregnancy.
  • Premature termination of pregnancy.
  • Discrepancy of postoperative sutures.
  • The confusion of the intrauterine device.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Inflammatory processes (acute and chronic endometritis, salpingitis).

Discharge during pregnancy and its interruption

What are the causes of bleeding in girls? During ectopic pregnancy, the egg is attached to the wall of the internal organs (tubes, cervix). It is embedded in the wall of the body that becomes the cause of brown discharge before menstruation. After fertilization of the egg, there may be menstruation, having a smaller than usual volume. There are also nagging pains in the right or left iliac region.

At any stage of pregnancy may appear bloody discharge. His appearance in the period up to 28 weeks is called the threat of spontaneous abortion, after this period - the threat of premature birth. Even a small amount of blood in a normal pregnancy should not be allocated. Brown discharge means that there has been a detachment of the ovum or placenta.

If you suspect a pregnancy and the presence of bloody discharge, you should immediately consult a doctor. An ectopic pregnancy leads to such dangerous complications as bleeding. With the threat of interruption, hospitalization is also needed. With the timely introduction of drugs, it is possible to bear the fetus before the due date.

Discharge with precancerous pathology

Whether to worry about the appearance of dark discharge before menstruation and what does it mean? This symptom is common in women after 50 years. If periods have gone after a 12-month break, endometrial hyperplasia may be suspected. The proliferation of the inner lining of the uterus is not immediately apparent. After a few months with this disease can be abundant menstruation and violation of the cycle. Pathology is accompanied by daubs, pain in the abdomen, dyspareunia (pain during intercourse). Adolescent girls often have prolonged bleeding. The disease can be revealed by treatment of infertility.

If the symptom is associated with sexual intercourse, it is necessary to exclude the pathology of the cervix. Can there be a brownish discharge 3 days before menstruation? Bleeding occurs when cervical erosion. Dark blood is released after coitus. Before menstruation, brown discharge, or "daub," is also observed. They occur due to swelling of the mucous membranes and increased blood circulation. When detecting ichor, it is possible to speak about the formation of deep erosion.

Discharge with benign tumors

Brown discharge before the month appear in myoma and uterus polyps. Smear can any day of the cycle. Menstrual bleeding is preceded by cramping pain. Uterine fibroids are accompanied by irregular menstruation, and critical days are unusual — more than 8 days go by, and blood clots are secreted. The abdomen increases in volume, there are nagging pains in the lower sections. Rarely, severe bleeding occurs that stops in the conditions of separation.

Why did suckling appear before menstruation? Polyp of the cervix causes mucous, purulent, or bloody discharges in women. A dark secret can stand out once or several times a month. The severity of symptoms depends on the size and number of polyps. Myoma and polyp are referred to as benign tumors, however, they require annual monitoring.

When a polyp is damaged or its malignancy is developing, severe bleeding develops. This is due to the germination of the tumor in large vessels. A lot of blood is released in the event that the polyp blocked the cervical canal, and in it accumulated menstrual blood.

The nature of the discharge changes dramatically with adenomyosis. You can observe these types of secrets:

Burgundy and red hues are found when fresh blood is released. They are associated with the superficial form of adenomyosis. Dark colors indicate the disintegration of shaped elements and are found in the diffuse form of the disease. Discharge a week before menstruation - a characteristic symptom. Sometimes they go after menstruation.

Detachable after medical procedures

With improper installation of the intrauterine device, blood appears and pain is pronounced. Violation of the installation technique is fraught with incomplete perforation of the uterus. This condition is accompanied by bleeding of varying intensity, pain, which is difficult to stop with the help of drugs. If the installation is performed on a stenotic neck, it may burst.

Bleeding between menstruation occurs when installing hormonal intrauterine device. It refers to rare side effects and should disappear 3 months after installation.

"If iron deficiency anemia develops or bleeding continues for more than 3 cycles, the helix is ​​removed."

What else are the causes of bleeding? This symptom occurs after surgery. Dalmacy accompanies the normal healing period, but may indicate a divergence of the stitches. If clots appear, suspect rupture of the vessel stump. The reason may be high blood pressure, the wrong technique of suturing. Divergence of the stitches is a painful process, it happens when the postoperative regime is not followed.

Brown discharge before menstruation: what does it mean, causes

The female often observed vaginal discharge, which play an important role in the work of their reproductive system. The characteristic features of these secretions depend on the age category of the woman, on the ratio of hormones and the intensity of sexual life.

Normally, they should not have odor and impurities. If the discharge changes its cream or transparent shade to brown, this usually indicates the presence of coagulated blood.

Brown discharge before menstruation, what does this mean? We will try to answer this question of interest to many ladies in this article.

Non-hazardous excreta

The uterus of the fair sex has a feature to prepare for the onset of menstruation in advance. The main signs of the full onset of critical days in this situation, it is considered to be brown discharge a week before the month.

They appear because in the second part of the menstrual cycle, the endometrial layer, which completely leaves the uterus in the time period of menstruation, is significantly thickened. To get rid of particles of the endometrium, the uterus is reduced, and in the process of this action its mucous membrane can be damaged.

This leads to the appearance of a small amount of blood, which coagulates and becomes brown.

Usually, this phenomenon does not threaten the health of the woman, but if the representative of the weaker sex constantly asks herself the question: “What does brown discharge mean before menstruation?”, She needs to listen to her body.

A prolonged delay in menstruation, accompanied by these secretions, may indicate a decrease in progesterone levels.

Reduce the amount of this hormone are capable of: bad habits, hypothermia, nervous irritability, food and other factors to which a woman can simply ignore.

In healthy women, the discharge of brown color may continue to stand out for some time after the completion of menstruation. The prerequisites of this phenomenon are called the individual structure of the uterus and other characteristic features of a woman’s body.

Brown daub during pregnancy

Light brown discharge before the monthly fair sex is often observed on her underwear for 9-14 days before their occurrence. This time, according to experts, is very conducive to conceiving a baby.

The appearance of this daub before the onset of critical days can be observed during pregnancy. In such non-standard situations, if you take a brownish daub for uncharacteristic periods, ladies may be unaware of pregnancy as long as 3-4 months.

Minor discharge, not accompanied by certain symptoms, usually do not threaten the pregnancy in the first months. However, there are cases when they signal the detachment of the ovum. Brown daub in later periods often indicates an irregular position in relation to the cervix.

Resorting to the help of professionals, pregnancy in most cases can be saved. The future mother, in order to achieve the desired result, is usually forced to stay in a medical facility under the supervision of doctors, to comply with bed rest.

Natural causes

Brown discharge before menstruation may appear on the underwear of the weaker sex who have no health problems. The following reasons may cause them:

  1. Adolescent puberty. In girls in the first years after the onset, menstruation may occur irregularly, be abundant or, conversely, insignificant. Critical days they often precede brown daub, accompanied by pain in the abdomen.
  2. Contraceptive use. Contraceptives are able to influence hormones and provoke the appearance of these secretions in them.
  3. The intrauterine device in certain situations also causes the appearance of a brown daub.
  4. The threshold of menopause. Brown discharge before menstruation, observed in women who have stepped over the forty-five-year-old age line, may indicate that menopause is “not far off.”
  5. Ovulation is also considered one of the prerequisites for the appearance of these secretions.
  6. Sexual intercourse, accompanied by microtraumas of the vagina, is sometimes able to provoke a slight brown daub.

There are also diseases, the main features of which are brown vaginal discharge. Далее, в данной статье мы рассмотрим некоторые из них.

Венерические болезни

Развитие подобных недугов обычно провоцируют грибковые микроорганизмы, попадающие в организм во время незащищенного полового акта. Experts show that diseases transmitted during intercourse have the following symptoms:

  • brown discharge before menstruation, endowed with a specific smell,
  • constant delays of critical days,
  • itchy groin,
  • burning sensation when urinating,
  • the appearance of ulcers on the genital lips.

Timely completion of the course of necessary treatment can minimize the negative impact of infection on the genitals. In the presence of certain indications, the course of treatment is carried out in the hospital.

Ectopic pregnancy

“Why are there brown spots before menstruation?” Asked the representatives of the fair sex of childbearing age. They need to know that these secretions can accompany the course of an ectopic pregnancy.

If the test showed the cherished two strips, and the state of health leaves much to be desired: the stomach feels heavy and pain spreading to the back, the woman should hurry to go to a specialist. Detecting an ectopic pregnancy at the initial stage prevents the fallopian tube from rupturing, which in the future gives a woman a chance to become pregnant.

Diagnosis of causes

In order to determine the exact cause of brown discharge, as well as to completely eliminate the development of oncological diseases, doctors recommend that women who experience this phenomenon undergo certain examinations and procedures.

Diagnostics, which allows to establish the causes of brown daub, includes the following set of measures:

  • examination by a gynecologist,
  • removal of biomaterial from the woman's vagina,
  • study of certain blood tests
  • biopsy
  • histology
  • colposcopy
  • history of heredity.

General conclusions

Highlight brown before menses sometimes appear in absolutely healthy women. In such situations, they can be safely called the forerunners of the approaching menstruation. On the other hand, there are situations when brown daub directly indicates the development of certain diseases that pose a serious threat to health.

The appearance of these secretions is a valid reason for visiting a specialist. Only he can soon determine the cause of brown daub and correctly write out an effective course of treatment.

According to statistics, patients are usually prescribed treatment capable of stopping inflammation, which is supported by certain nutritional adjustments, decrease in physical activity.

Often, menstrual irregularities and brown discharge are observed in women involved in professional sports.

It is not recommended to resort to self-treatment: take baths with oak bark, use fish oil or follow the advice of girlfriends. Even if there are no reasons for concern, only a visit to a doctor can help to dispel doubts.

Brown discharge before menstruation: causes

Vaginal discharge can tell about women's health, especially carefully it is necessary to treat them in the premenstrual period. If brownness appeared before menstruation, then most often this indicates problems. The symptom of which pathologies are such discharge, you will learn from our article.

The female body is arranged in such a way that it signals any malfunctions related to the reproductive system. Much can tell vaginal discharge, the nature of which must be monitored throughout the cycle, but especially carefully - before menstrual bleeding.

If a few days before the beginning of the menstrual period brown discharge appeared, then it is impossible to answer unequivocally the question whether it is the norm or pathology without a preliminary examination and analysis.

Within the normal range, gynecologists consider small brown discharge for two days before menstruation, they gradually increase and develop into menstrual bleeding.

If, more than two days before menstruation, discharge of a saturated or light brown color appears, then a gynecologist should be visited. Typically, abnormal discharge abundant, have blood impurities, a characteristic smell, accompanied by discomfort.

Dark brown discharge before menstruation: causes

If dark-brown discharges appear before menstruation, this suggests that blood coagulation has occurred in the urogenital system. The origin of blood can be different: uterine, cervical, vaginal. Regardless, such secretions are a symptom of pathologies.

Especially dangerous are red-brown discharge, their appearance before menstruation indicates that bleeding has occurred. Most often this is due to the appearance of tumors on the internal genital organs. When the brown discharge before the menstrual mucous membranes, it is a sign of damage to the uterine wall.

Due to the violation of the integrity of the wall, many erythrocytes and platelets appear in the mucus, as a result of which the secretions acquire a characteristic color.

The causes of the appearance of pathological discharge before menstruation may be different: dark brown discharge usually indicates infectious diseases and inflammatory processes. For example, this is one of the symptoms of polyposis, uterine fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, erosion.

Any dark selection should alert you. Especially if the brown discharge before the month is abundant. A timely visit to the doctor will help identify the cause of the problem and prevent possible complications.

Light brown discharge before menstruation

Before the menstrual period, light brown discharge may appear, which are less dangerous than the dark ones, but also show various malfunctions.

Why can you see light brown discharge before menstruation? The most "harmless" reason is the start of taking oral contraceptives. In this case, the hormonal changes, and the body needs to adapt to it, so it reacts with uncharacteristic secretions.

Adaptation is the norm, but it should not last more than three months. The appearance of a symptom should notify the doctor.

The likelihood that before the menstrual period there will be a scant, obscure brown discharge increases if the preparation for contraception contains a minimum of estrogen.

Pale brown discharge may occur if before menstruation was hard intercourse. The reason for such discharge in this case lies in the fact that microtrauma appeared on the uterus after sex. Small mechanical damage will disappear on its own, in the next cycle of discharge should be within the normal range - transparent or white.

Light brown discharge may indicate serious trouble. They appear among the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis. Also, such secretions may occur as a result of sexually transmitted infections. In any case, you need to make an appointment with a gynecologist, he will determine the cause and, depending on this, prescribe treatment.

Brown discharge before menstruation - a sign of pregnancy?

Brown discharge before menstruation may indicate that pregnancy has occurred. However, unfortunately, most often such secretions are an alarming signal indicating a pathological pregnancy, in particular ectopic.

In this case, in the secretions you can see the blood. Ectopic pregnancy is dangerous because a fallopian tube may rupture.

If you tried to get pregnant in this cycle, then any uncharacteristic discharge before the expected menstruation (especially orange, brown, pink) should alert you.

After the doctor determines that the pregnancy develops without pathologies, do not forget to monitor the nature of your discharge throughout the entire period. Care should be taken to the discharge in the first trimester on days when there were previously periods.

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Brown discharge before menstruation, what does it mean

Such a problem as brown discharge before menstruation is now quite common and, accordingly, concerns many women. The color of such secretions can have several shades - from light to dark brown.

Whatever shade it may have, it does not change the essence - you need to consult a doctor for examination and clarification of the causes of the problem.

In practice, the appearance of this symptom is not a cause for concern, however, in certain cases, such secretions signal pathological changes.

Can there be brown discharge before menstruation

Brown discharge before menstruation, in fact, in 1-2 days, is a natural symptom.

This is due to the fact that in fact, menstruation is a consequence of the death of the egg, which naturally leaves the body with blood.

Therefore, the appearance at the beginning of the monthly red-brown discharge and smears is quite normal. However, if the duration of such symptoms is more than one day, you should definitely contact a specialist.

That is, answering the question whether there may be brown discharge before menstruation, you can answer yes, but if the duration of such a symptom of previous menstruation is small (does not exceed 1 day). A longer period is a serious reason to visit a gynecologist for a serious examination. Also pay attention to a number of signs that may accompany the selection:

  • the appearance of pain in the lower abdomen,
  • odor
  • the appearance of discomfort in the genital area (irritation, burning),
  • fever,
  • the appearance of pain during intercourse,
  • the appearance of discharge after menopause (1 year).

Dark brown discharge before menstruation.

As mentioned above, the dark brown discharge before menstruation, which comes out in small amounts along with mucus, does not at all indicate the presence of any pathology. Brown discharge before menstruation simply speaks of the approach of cyclic bleeding, which in gynecology is considered to be quite normal.

That is, when faced with such symptoms for the first time on the eve of menstruation, you should not panic.

It should also be mentioned that such a symptom can be caused by a rather turbulent last night.

If this is true, it means that during sexual contact there was a minimal amount of natural lubrication in the genital tract, which could cause microtrauma in the cervix.

Selections are quite normal, during the period of the menstrual cycle (middle part) the phenomenon, as a rule, they stand out during the period of ovulation. Due to this, the body signals the most favorable time for conceiving a child.

But, if the brown discharge stands out with a rather large amount of mucus, many experts recommend that he immediately seek medical help, as this may indicate the presence of pathology.

Light brown discharge before menstruation.

Light brown discharge before the menstrual period 2-3 days before the menstruation indicates the approach of cyclic bleeding. Often, such discharge may be accompanied by rather unpleasant spasms, localized in the lower abdomen.

If the discharge occurs much earlier than the onset of menstruation and is accompanied by painful symptoms, this indicates the presence of a pathology, for example, endometriosis, implying the growth of the endometrium outside of an organ such as the uterus.

If such discharge occurs after menstruation - this is also not the reason for which you should panic. In fact, it is also a normal process, directly related to the rejection of the uterus of egg residues and menstrual blood. As a rule, this process ends within a couple of days.

If instead of light brown discharge there is blood or mucus with streaks of pus that has an unpleasant smell, in this case the gynecologist should definitely appear because such symptoms cause some diseases: endometriosis, cervical pathologies, fibromas, and venereal diseases.

Allocations before the monthly what it means

I would like to draw attention to the fact that many experts believe that light brown discharge before the menstrual cycle is the most striking symptom of hormonal imbalance. Often the cause of this failure are viral infections, or inflammatory processes.

However, it is necessary to consult a doctor only if such secretions begin several days before menstruation. This may indicate the beginning of the disease process. Often, such discharge is accompanied by other, clearly indicating the pathology of symptoms,

  • longer menstruation time,
  • menstruation soreness,
  • profusion of blood discharge.

It is also often a question - discharge before menstruation, what does it mean for women who are worried about the appearance of such symptoms not only before menstruation, but after each sexual intercourse. This may suggests such problems as:

  • dysplasia,
  • ectopia or erosion of the cervix,
  • oncological diseases,
  • appearance of benign neoplasms.

In the presence of the above symptoms, the appearance of discharge after sex or before menstrual bleeding should not be ignored by the recommendations of specialists, but it is better to immediately turn to a gynecologist for examination, which will help identify the pathology in time and start treatment.

Causes of brown secretions: possible diseases

  • Endomatosis. Causes of brown secretions lie not only in the features of the woman's body, but also in some possible pathologies, one of which may be endometriosis. The essence of this disease is the proliferation of endometrial cells, which in turn makes the walls of the uterus more dense. This disease manifests itself in the appearance of brownish discharge, and in a sufficiently large amount of blood loss during menstruation. Often this is accompanied by a fairly strong pain in the pelvic region and sharply during urination. This pathology is revealed after an ultrasound examination and relevant tests.
  • Cervical erosion - This is another disease, a symptom of which is the selection of brownish color. This is one of the most common female diseases today. Based pathology on the appearance of violations of the uterine lining. We draw attention to the fact that to make the correct diagnosis, as well as to choose the appropriate drug therapy can only profile specialist.
  • Uterine myoma. Symptom brown discharge before menstruation can also talk about uterine myoma, the disease is quite serious and requires surgical treatment. As a rule, this disease is accompanied by frequent and profuse uterine bleeding.

Pregnancy, as evidenced by the appearance of brown discharge

Pregnancy of a woman is often accompanied by various unpleasant symptoms associated with the restructuring of the female body for carrying a child.

The appearance of a bloody brownish discharge in the first trimester of pregnancy can be observed on those days when a woman should have menstruation.

Such a phenomenon is not dangerous neither for the future mother nor for the fetus, nevertheless, it is still necessary to inform him about it to your doctor.

If the discharge of a brown tint appeared suddenly and is accompanied by sufficiently strong pain in the groin area, this indicates a risk of miscarriage, ectopic or missed abortion.

In this case, the woman should immediately take a horizontal position and cause an ambulance. To determine the cause of this symptom take blood tests for the content of a specific hormone (hCG).

In the event that its content is below the established indicators of the norm, this indicates a serious pathology and the risk of losing a fetus.

Also during the examination, an ultrasound examination of the cervix is ​​performed.

The methods of examination listed above will help a specialist to quickly confirm the presence or absence of a problem and completely clarify the situation.

Summing up

Brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom that should be taken rather seriously. You should not neglect your health, it is better to visit the gynecologist and conduct the necessary examination in order to start treatment in case of pathology. Reviews on this topic can read or write your opinion on the forum.

Normal discharge

Allocation before monthly

By themselves, discharge before menstruation is normal, especially during the beginning and end of the childbearing period. In some adult women with a steady cycle, menstrual periods may begin with spotting bleeding - this is an individual norm.

In such cases, they usually appear within a day or two before menstruation, have a dark brown or reddish color, gradually change to bloody character and give way to full menstruation. If this happens every time, then do not worry, this is a variant of the norm.

Другие виды выделений перед месячными, которые являются нормальными:

  • Белые выделения, более обильные чем в другие фазы цикла
  • Желтоватые выделения обычной интенсивности, без запаха
  • Мажущие коричневые выделения у женщин, имеющих внутриматочную спираль
  • Spotting several hours before the onset of menstruation

Thus, increased excretion before menstruation is normal, and their brown color may be due to physiological reasons. Sometimes women may have spotting after intercourse, which is most noticeable before menstruation. This is a sign of microscopic vaginal injuries. They are not dangerous to health, but still a partner should be a little more tender.

The most reliable distinguishing feature of a normal discharge is a very low odor or lack of it, as well as a relatively even amount throughout the cycle. If dark-brown secretions have an unpleasant smell, or they are more abundant than in the other phases of the cycle, and also if they were not there before, then you should consult a gynecologist - perhaps this is a sign of illness.

Discharge with endometriosis

Endometriosis is a pathological increase in the volume of the inner layer of the uterus. Sometimes it is accompanied by the entry of endometrial cells into neighboring organs and their proliferation there (for example, endometriosis of the ovaries, vagina or cervix).

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The causes of this condition may be congenital pathologies, complications after pregnancy and childbirth, abortion, medical interventions. If endometriosis is not treated, it can cause infertility.

Brown discharge is one of the symptoms of this disease. They are dark brown in color, appear 5-6 days before menstruation, abundant, but almost odorless. Together with them there is pain in the lumbar region, worsening of well-being, irregular menstruation.

Often the early dark brown discharge before menstruation is the earliest symptom, and no other symptoms develop for many years.

Other endometrial pathologies - polyposis, hyperplasia - appear in a similar way. Violations of the hormonal background, which lead to a violation of the menstrual cycle, can also manifest themselves as brown smear secretions that begin several days before menstruation.

Treatment of endometrial diseases is carried out by conservative means - hormonal drugs, diet, lifestyle changes to a healthier one.

In some cases, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention and elimination of excessive growths of the endometrium.

An important diagnostic difference is that in cases of myometrial diseases (muscular layer of the uterus), excretion can also increase, including before menstruation, but in this case they will have a white or yellowish color, close to normal.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Bacterial genital infections can also last for a long time with minor symptoms, not paying attention to themselves. But they help identify changes in discharge.

Light brown or dark brown, they appear independently of the menstrual cycle, but before the menstruations they increase significantly, become much more abundant, and become saturated in color.

A characteristic sign is the unpleasant smell of spoiled fish. The appearance of such discharge is a reason to contact a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Additional symptoms that cause bacterial inflammation are painful sensations during intercourse, increased pain during menstruation, and sometimes the temperature may rise. Later, symptoms of cystitis join - pain and cramps during urination, frequent urge, feeling of incomplete emptying.

To determine the pathogen by the nature of the discharge is almost impossible, for this you need a microscopic smear analysis. Along with the identification of the pathogen, its sensitivity to certain antibiotics is found out, the most effective drug is selected. Treatment of sexually transmitted diseases without antibiotics is ineffective.

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An important difference - thrush and other fungal infections of the vagina are accompanied by secretions of a different appearance - they are white for thrush, resemble curdled milk or cottage cheese, for other fungal lesions - white or yellow, flaky, but also have an unpleasant odor. When treating with antibiotics, fungal infections only intensify.

Side effects of hormonal contraceptives

Side effects of hormonal contraceptives

Despite the fact that hormonal contraceptives came to the market for a long time and have already firmly occupied their niche, disputes about their safety are still ongoing.

For example, there is not enough reliable data on the effect of this method of contraception on the health of future generations. But the fact that there is now enough to come to the conclusion - the pill is not suitable for all women.

In addition, there are many types of them, and the selection of the drug can sometimes take a long time.

Spotting brown that appears before menstruation is one of the first signs that the drug is not suitable for the patient. If this discharge is accompanied by pain or menstruation has become more abundant, changes in the emotional state of the woman are noted, then you should think about choosing another drug or another method of contraception.

But the discharge may not be accompanied by other symptoms. And if their intensity remains approximately the same throughout the entire cycle, then most likely the gynecologist will not find cause for concern.

An important difference is that if a woman has an intrauterine device, then the brown discharge is normal. They start a day or two before menstruation, they do not smell, they are normal in intensity.

If the secretions do not change with time and appear stable every month, then this can be considered a variant of the norm.

Brown discharge instead of menstruation

In some cases, dark-brown discharge may appear not in front of menstruation, but instead, or a little later, if a delay has occurred. It can also be a sign of the norm, as well as pathology. The reason for such changes may be a violation of hormonal levels, menopause or the beginning of pregnancy.

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During menopause, the rhythm of menstruation is disturbed, they become less intense, irregular. Late periods can be a brown or bloody discharge that lasts 3–4 days or less. This is a sign of normal aging. Worry is when menopause overtakes a woman before 40 years.

Hormonal disorders can also manifest as menstrual dysfunction, irregular and painful menstruation, or the appearance of spotting instead.

Such diseases are usually manifested by other symptoms and need urgent treatment in order to avoid infertility. The same side effect can give hormonal contraceptives.

In this case, it is worth consulting with a gynecologist.

Implant bleeding is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy that is not considered pathological.

It manifests itself by the fact that menstruation does not occur on time, and then a week later there is a spotting or dark brown discharge. Implant bleeding is normal, but not required.

At any later date, bleeding and discharge are a sign of threatened abortion.

Brief Memo: What to do with dark brown secretions

Brief Memo: What to do with dark brown secretions

Such secretions are not dangerous if:

  • They start less than 2 days before menstruation.
  • Intensity familiar to women
  • Odorless
  • Appear every time before monthly
  • Appear in adolescence or, on the contrary, in the climax

It is necessary to consult a doctor, but it is possible that the discharge is not dangerous:

  • Discharges appeared on the background of contraceptive coil or pills
  • A woman is not sure of her sexual partner's loyalty, but there are no other symptoms.
  • Menstrual cycle irregular
  • Discharge is more abundant than usual.
  • Discharge appears more than 2 days before menstruation.
  • A woman assumes pregnancy, and this may be implant bleeding

It is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible if

  • The discharge is abundant, have an unpleasant smell.
  • Appear one week before menstruation
  • There are other symptoms of genital diseases or hormonal disorders.

It is impossible to diagnose only on the basis of secretions, but they can give a valuable diagnostic hint, allowing a woman to take action in time, and the doctor to prescribe treatment in a timely manner.

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The nature and causes of brown discharge before menstruation

Brown discharge before menstruation is a fairly common problem that a very large number of women face every day. It is also very important to note that the color index of such secretions can vary from light beige to dark brown.

In any case, the selection of brown color before menstruation should alert the woman, since this phenomenon is not at all an indicator of the norm and may indicate the presence of any pathology. But at the same time, brown secretions before menstruation can be normal and occur due to the most common physiological factors.

Limit norm or beginning pathology?

If a woman has dark brown discharge before the first menstruation approximately one or two days before their appearance, then this can be considered normal, as it indicates that the egg cell has died and the body is preparing to release the uterus from its remnants.

Thus, these reasons may well be considered physiological and say that the body is fairly smoothly preparing for its purification, which is absolutely normal.

However, if blood smears are recorded long before the onset of menstrual bleeding, then in this case you should definitely consult a gynecologist, as this condition can be quite dangerous for the health of the entire reproductive system of a woman.

Cases where the alarm should still be present

Initially, it should be noted that such a phenomenon as a brown daub before menstruation is not the case when you can make a diagnosis yourself. In any case, a doctor’s consultation is absolutely necessary here, especially in situations where a woman has the following rather dangerous symptoms:

  • pain or pulling in the lower abdomen,
  • fetid odor from the vagina during discharge,
  • sexual intercourse in which pain is felt,
  • there is a sign of black blood, although menopause began a year ago,
  • itching or constant discomfort,
  • a significantly sharp increase in body temperature indicators for a woman.

Thus, if a woman has discharge, the doctor should recommend the following studies to establish the root cause of this condition:

  • smears on the determination of microflora from the vaginal area,
  • ultrasound of the reproductive organs,
  • determination of hormone levels using blood tests,
  • colposcopy of the cervix,
  • identifying factors that may indicate a woman’s genetic predisposition to such a phenomenon as excretion.

The main causes of the pathology

Initially, it is worth noting that the menstrual cycle depends primarily on the normal functioning of the organs that are responsible for the production of hormones. Also, this condition can be observed due to hormonal contraceptives, especially if their use was prescribed by a woman on her own.

The reason why pathological discharge is observed before menstruation, first of all, should give rise to the idea of ​​conducting a thorough examination of the fair sex. However, if such a condition is still considered pathological, then for the most part it can be associated with the following diseases that have arisen in the female reproductive system.

Infectious diseases and inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs

First of all, I must say that the most common infections that affect the flow of menstruation are those that are sexually transmitted. Thus, with such infectious processes, it is most often possible to note discharge from women of a light brown color, which are accompanied by itchy sensations and a certain stench.

Based on the condition of the woman, most often such pathologies are effectively eliminated with the help of antibiotics, which are designed to eradicate the disease. Also, if the patient's condition is critical, then in this case it is recommended to spend several days in the hospital.

Uterine myoma

This formation is a benign tumor process, but it can also be the reason that brown blood can be smeared before menstruation.

In general, tumor localization is noted on the walls of the uterine space or on its neck.

As for the size of the formation, they can be very different, therefore, because of this, there may be a discharge with clots, since the blood is blocked inside the uterus and thickens.

As for the occurrence of fibroids, the main reasons for this formation initially lie in hormonal imbalance. However, it is worth noting that pathology tends to go on its own, especially as it relates to a situation where education occurs at a young age. Its complete elimination occurs with the onset of menopause.

Polyps are formations that also, like fibroids, have a benign nature. They can be localized, both in uterine space, and on its walls.

Thus, because of this pathology, there are spotting secretions that go very poorly.

Just as in the case of such benign tumors of the reproductive organs, polyps are a consequence of hormonal disruption.

If we talk about the most common manifestations of pathology, most of them can be as follows:

  • a whole month may be missing menstruation,
  • scanty blood marks can be fixed throughout the cycle,
  • before menstruation and in time, a woman feels pain or a pulling sensation at the bottom of the uterus,
  • during sex there can also be mild or fairly intense pain,
  • after sex smears or blood flows more intensively.

As for the most basic factors that can cause polyps to form, they are mostly reduced to inflammatory processes, hormonal imbalance and a post-abortive condition.

Use of hormonal contraceptives

In some cases, brown discharge may occur due to the fact that a woman has a certain hormone level failure. However, this indicator is one of the safest, since a blood clot formed due to a shortage or an overabundance of hormones can also be effectively absorbed after the restoration of a woman’s hormonal state.

The second equally important reason means that daub can be observed due to the use of the intrauterine device, as a method of contraception. This is also due to the action of certain hormones.

Brown color that is distinguished by its saturation

On a certain day before menstruation, there may be a discharge that has a very rich color index and is distinguished by a very dark brown color. In most cases, they mean that a woman has accumulated a lot of blood in the uterus and can not go out in time.

However, if we talk about the pathological causes of this phenomenon, most of them can be associated with inflammatory processes or endometriosis.

In some cases, especially the period after the onset of menopause, this phenomenon may indicate that there is a benign or cancerous tumor in the reproductive organs of a woman.

Monthly no, but instead they are light brown discharge before the first monthly

If you know for sure that the next menstruation should have already begun, and instead of it only scanty brown color is observed, then in this case it is necessary to immediately seek medical advice. In this condition, the woman usually suffers from pain in the lower abdomen and lumbar back.

Couple during sex in such a period should be cautious or even for a while to refrain from intimate intimacy, as this may be an inflammatory process that is in the acute stage.

In addition, this phenomenon may indicate that a woman develops an ectopic pregnancy, which can be quite dangerous for the life of the fair sex. Any bleeding must be discussed with the doctor for the timely elimination of pathology.

Brown discharge before menstruation - a cause for concern or the norm?

У многих женщин наблюдается появление коричневых выделений из влагалища за несколько дней до начала менструации. Постепенно эти выделения усиливаются и перерастают в полноценное менструальное кровотечение. Это нормальное состояние и не требует врачебного вмешательства.

Another thing, if the brown discharge from the genital tract begins 5-7 days before the onset of menstruation. Often this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, erosion, endometrial hyperplasia or cervical polyps. Brown discharge before menstruation can be observed due to hormonal disruptions in the body, caused by inadequate intake of oral contraceptives, for example.

In the presence of erosion or polyps on the cervix, the woman may also experience the appearance of brown discharge. Confirm the presence of a pathological process on the cervix can gynecologist, examining a woman in a chair in the mirrors. The appearance of brown secretions can be observed after a rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching, due to internal intervention and injury to the mucous membrane.

Causes of brown discharge

Very often, the appearance of brown discharge before the onset of menstruation is due to the use of funds from unwanted pregnancy, which can be both oral contraceptives, and intrauterine devices and vaginal ring. The most common brown secretions appear when administering low-dose oral medications.

Normally, vaginal discharge when taking oral contraceptives can be repeated for 3 months from the start of use. However, if after 3 months the discharge continues, the woman should tell the gynecologist about it, perhaps this drug is not suitable for her and the doctor will choose another one.

In any case, brown discharge before menstruation can not be left without medical attention. For example, the appearance of such secretions as a result of the pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus can lead to miscarriage, since the defective epithelium of the uterus does not allow the ovum to adhere and develop normally. As a rule, endometritis occurs as a result of pathogenic infectious agents entering the uterus during interventions in a woman’s body. This usually occurs when:

  • Artificial abortion (especially after 7 weeks of gestation),
  • Pathological labor
  • Manual removal of the placenta during labor
  • Diagnostic curettage of the uterus,
  • Uterine sounding.

At the initial stage of development, endometriosis can be almost asymptomatic, which increases the risk of the disease becoming chronic.

Most often, a woman visits a doctor when menstrual irregularities become noticeable, there are brown discharges before menstruation, lower abdominal pain.

One of the reasons for the appearance of brown discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation is hyperplasia of endometrial polyps. A characteristic manifestation of this pathology is the occurrence of brown vaginal discharge not only before the onset of menstruation, but also in the middle of the cycle. In addition to the main signs of endometrial polyps, women have cramping pain in the lower abdomen on the eve of menstruation. It is possible to confirm the presence of uterine polyps using ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, hysteroscopy and hysterography.

Brown discharge from the external genital tract before menstruation may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroids is a benign tumor of the uterus, which most often develops in women of childbearing age. A characteristic symptom of this pathology is the appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle and brown discharge before menstruation.

Is it necessary to treat the appearance of brown secretions before menstruation?

Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.

If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.

If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels. Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.

If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).

If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.

The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.